Detroit Pistons ad for a game against Chicago November 30, 2018
pioneers draining Petah Tikvah’s swamps in 1906
pioneers draining Petah Tikvah’s swamps in 1906

Petah Tikvah Is Founded

November 3, 1878

Petah Tikvah (Gateway of Hope), today Israel’s 5th largest city, is established by a group of religious Jews desiring to leave Jerusalem and establish an agricultural moshav. The group had originally sought out land near Jericho for their settlement but were unable to get consent from the Ottoman authorities to transfer the ownership of the land parcel.

After being unsuccessful in obtaining their desired land near Jericho, the group purchased a 3,400 dunam (unit of land area used in the Ottoman Empire; 1 dunam equals 1,000 square meters) piece of land from a Greek owner near the Yarkon River and next to the Arab village Mulabbis.

VIEW OF PETAH TIKVA.Zoltan Kluger, Government Press Office

Petah Tikvah is shown in 1936, two years short of its 60th anniversary.

The initial settlement was short lived due to disappointing harvests and an outbreak of malaria. In 1882, there were only 10 houses and 66 residents. Soon after as conditions deteriorated due to malaria and other health hazards, the residents abandoned the settlement. In 1883, a new group of immigrants from Russia, known as BILU settled in Petah Tikvah and were soon aided by Edmund Rothschild who provided funds to drain the area’s swamps. The draining of the swamps enabled the new residents to plant citrus groves which in turn led to economic development and more residents. By 1900, there were 818 residents in Petah Tikvah.

The photo above shows pioneers draining Petah Tikvah’s swamps in 1906.

Find more details at the Center for Israel Education


Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.


Stay up-to-date with the Detroit Jewish New! Subscribe to our Newsletter.


ad reading "place your ad in this space call Keith: 248-351-5107."

Support the Detroit Jewish News Foundation

Support the educational mission of the independent, nonprofit Detroit Jewish News Foundation.

%d bloggers like this: