Posts Tagged ‘Aliyah’

Yehoshua Hankin - man with long hair and beard

Yehoshua Hankin Is Born in Ukraine

December 26, 1864 From the Center for Israel Education One of the most distinguished land purchasers of the Yishuv (Jewish settlements in Palestine), Yehoshua Hankin was born in Ukraine in 1864 and made aliyah to Israel with his father in 1882.  They settled in Rishon Le’Tzion.  He alone was responsible for purchasing more than 30% of the land that…

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Shmuel Katz headshot with a man in a suit and glasses.

Shmuel Katz Is Born

December 9, 1914 From the Center for Israel Education Shmuel Katz, a leader of Revisionist Zionism and a founder of the Herut Party in Israel is born in Johannesburg, South Africa. As a young man in South Africa, Katz attended a speech by Ze’ev Jabotinsky, the leader of Revisionist Zionism and was greatly moved by…

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Joseph Sprinzak, a man in a suit with a mustache, sits at a table playing with his hands and staring off into the distance.

Joseph Sprinzak Is Born

December 8, 1885 From the Center for Israel Education Joseph Sprinzak, who would serve as the first Speaker of the Knesset and twice as Interim President, is born in Moscow, Russia.   His family was forced to leave Moscow, when Jews were expelled in 1891, eventually settling in Warsaw.  Sprinzak’s father was an active Zionist and…

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anti-Nazi sign with a swastika with a cross going through it.

Commentary: What Pittsburgh Tells Us About the Jewish Future

When 11 Jews are gunned down in synagogue on Shabbat by a white nationalist, it’s hard to not believe that something fundamental has changed for American Jews. What made it even more disorienting for me was that while evil reigned in Pittsburgh I was in Moscow for a conference on anti-Semitism. Normally, at such conferences…

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Hannah Senesh

Hannah Senesh Dies

November 7, 1944 Hannah Senesh (Szenes) the poet and Haganah fighter who parachuted into Nazi-occupied Europe to rescue Jews was executed by a Hungarian firing squad in a Budapest prison courtyard. Senesh, who had been born in Hungary in 1921 into an assimilated Jewish family, was drawn to Zionism by the climate of anti-Semitism that…

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Levi Eshkol

Levi Eshkol Is Born in Ukraine

October 25, 1895 Levi Eshkol, is born as Levi Shkolnik near Kiev, Ukraine in 1895 into a Hasidic family. When he was denied admission into a local high school because of restrictions on Jewish students, he went to Vilna and attended the Hebrew Gymnasium, becoming involved in Zionist youth groups. In 1914, he made aliyah…

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Amir Gilboa

Amir Gilboa Is Born

September 25, 1917 Amir Gilboa, one of Israel’s leading poets, is born in the Ukraine. Gilboa, born Berl Feldmann, made aliya in 1937 with a group of 40 others. He served in the British Army’s Jewish Brigade during World War II and saw action in North Africa and later fought in the Israeli War for…

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Yemenite Jews on a plane to Israel as part of Operation Magic Carpet

Operation Magic Carpet Begins

September 24, 1950 According to some sources, Jews had lived in Yemen even before the destruction of the First Temple in 586 BCE. The community expanded during the time of the Maccabees and following the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE. Composed mostly of small communities living in relative isolation to one another,…

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Rahel Bluwstein

Rachel Bluwstein Is Born

September 20, 1890 Rahel Bluwstein is born in Russia. At age 15, she began writing poetry and made aliyah in 1909, settling first in Rehovot and then at the training farm at Kinneret. After studying agriculture in France, she settled at the Kibbutz Degania in 1919. Bluwstein is considered the “founding mother” of modern Hebrew…

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An aerial view of Moshav Nahalal

Moshav Nahalal Is Founded

Center for Israel Education September 11, 1921 Moshav Nahalal, the first moshav ha’ovdim (workers settlement), is founded in the northwest Jezreel valley about halfway between Haifa and Afula. The moshav was founded by 80 families who had come to the Land of Israel during the second aliyah (1904-1914) and who had lived and worked in…

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