Posts Tagged ‘Egypt’

EGYPTIAN PRESIDENT ANWAR SADAT ADDRESSING THE KNESSET DURING HIS HISTORIC VISIT TO ISRAEL, JERUSALEM.

Anwar Sadat Is Born

December 25, 1918 From the Center for Israel Education Born into a family of thirteen children in Mit Abu al-Kum, Egypt, Sadat was a member of the Free Officers movement that overthrew Egypt’s monarchy in 1952. In 1964 Sadat was appointed as Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser’s vice president.  He held that position until Nasser’s…

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Israeli Foreign Minister Abba Eban addresses the opening session of the Geneva peace conference Dec. 21, 1973.

Geneva Middle East Peace Conference Takes Place

December 21, 1973 From the Center for Israel Education Though the Geneva Middle East Conference was convened under the co-chairmanship of the United States and Soviet Union, Secretary of State Henry Kissinger kept the Soviet Union almost totally uninformed about progress being made privately between Israel and Egypt for a future disengagement agreement. Egyptian President…

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Shmuel Katz headshot with a man in a suit and glasses.

Shmuel Katz Is Born

December 9, 1914 From the Center for Israel Education Shmuel Katz, a leader of Revisionist Zionism and a founder of the Herut Party in Israel is born in Johannesburg, South Africa. As a young man in South Africa, Katz attended a speech by Ze’ev Jabotinsky, the leader of Revisionist Zionism and was greatly moved by…

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1936-1939 Arab Revolt

British Politicians Hold Debate on Future of Palestine

November 24, 1938 In the midst of the 1936-1939 Arab Revolt (shown in the photo above), a debate on future British policy in Palestine is held in the House of Commons. Malcolm MacDonald, the British Colonial Secretary, opened the proceedings with an overview of the current situation of unrest in Palestine. In his remarks, MacDonald…

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Egyptian President Anwar Sadat speaks to the Knesset about peace Nov. 20, 1977.

Sadat Addresses the Knesset

November 20, 1977 From the Center for Israel Education One day after arriving from Egypt for his historic visit to Jerusalem, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat addresses a specially arranged sitting of the Knesset. The Egyptian President spent his morning reciting prayers at the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem and visiting the Holocaust Memorial at Yad Vashem.…

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Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin welcomes Egyptian President Anwar Sadat to Israel on Nov. 19, 1977.

Sadat Visits Jerusalem

November 19, 1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat’s plane landed at Israel’s Ben-Gurion airport at the start of his historic 36-hour visit to Israel. He was greeted by Israel’s Prime Minister Menachem Begin and Israeli President Ephraim Katzir, with a 21-gun salute fired in his honor. After the ceremony at the airport, Sadat was driven to…

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Israeli Gen. Aharon Yariv arrives for the signing of the Kilometer 101 Six-Point Agreement on Nov. 11, 1973.

Kilometer 101 Six-Point Agreement Is Signed

November 11, 1973 After twelve days of negotiation at the end of the 1973 Yom Kippur (October War), Egyptian General Mohamed el-Gamasy and Israeli General Aharon Yariv completed the first direct negotiations between the two countries since Israel’s establishment in 1948. The Kilometer 101 Six-Point Agreement focused on the maintenance of a cease-fire between Israeli and…

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the first Egyptian-Israeli Military Talks between Israeli and Egyptian Generals at the end of the October War. Soldiers and other men sit beneath a canopy at cloth-covered tables.

Egyptian-Israeli Military Talks Begin at Kilometer 101

October 29, 1973 At the end of the October War, after several miscommunications, the first Egyptian-Israeli Military Talks between Israeli and Egyptian Generals takes place at 1 a.m. in Israeli-controlled territory 101 kilometers from Cairo. On a cold evening at a wooden table under a camouflage canopy strung out over several tanks. Egyptian General el-Gemasy…

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Menachem Begin delivering his acceptance speech on December 10, 1978

Begin and Sadat Win the Nobel Peace Prize

October 27, 1978 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin are jointly awarded the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts in bringing about peace between Israel and Egypt. The award would be presented in a ceremony on December 10, 1978. The announcement of the award came a little over a month…

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INS Haganah

Operation Yoav Takes Place

October 19, 1948 During the fourth day of Operation Yoav, the fledgling Israeli Navy engages in its first major battle of the coast of Ashkelon. Beginning on October 15, when the Egyptians violated the truce period by firing on an Israeli supply convoy, Israel went on the offensive against them in the south to open…

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