Posts Tagged ‘Menachem Begin’

Israeli Foreign Minister Abba Eban addresses the opening session of the Geneva peace conference Dec. 21, 1973.

Geneva Middle East Peace Conference Takes Place

December 21, 1973 From the Center for Israel Education Though the Geneva Middle East Conference was convened under the co-chairmanship of the United States and Soviet Union, Secretary of State Henry Kissinger kept the Soviet Union almost totally uninformed about progress being made privately between Israel and Egypt for a future disengagement agreement. Egyptian President…

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A day after surgery on a broken hip, Prime Minister Menachem Begin arrives in a wheelchair for the Knesset vote on annexing the Golan Heights on Dec. 14, 1981.

Knesset Votes in Favor of Golan Heights Law

December 14, 1981 From the Center for Israel Education In a quickly organized and somewhat surprising move, the Knesset votes to annex the Golan Heights by a vote of 63-21.  Prime Minister Menachem Begin, who had been discharged from the hospital the day before following surgery to repair a broken hip, was brought to the…

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Shmuel Katz headshot with a man in a suit and glasses.

Shmuel Katz Is Born

December 9, 1914 From the Center for Israel Education Shmuel Katz, a leader of Revisionist Zionism and a founder of the Herut Party in Israel is born in Johannesburg, South Africa. As a young man in South Africa, Katz attended a speech by Ze’ev Jabotinsky, the leader of Revisionist Zionism and was greatly moved by…

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Matityahu Shmulevitz (left, with beard) and fellow Lehi leader David Yellin stand outside the Acre prison after their pardon in February 1949.

Matityahu Shmulevitz Passes Away

December 3, 1995 From the Center for Israel Education Matti Shmulevitz, a member of the underground Lehi and an advisor to Menachem Begin, passes away at the age of 75 one day after collapsing during a chess game in Tel Aviv. He was born in Lodz, Poland and made aliyah when he was 17, with…

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Egyptian President Anwar Sadat speaks to the Knesset about peace Nov. 20, 1977.

Sadat Addresses the Knesset

November 20, 1977 From the Center for Israel Education One day after arriving from Egypt for his historic visit to Jerusalem, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat addresses a specially arranged sitting of the Knesset. The Egyptian President spent his morning reciting prayers at the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem and visiting the Holocaust Memorial at Yad Vashem.…

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Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin welcomes Egyptian President Anwar Sadat to Israel on Nov. 19, 1977.

Sadat Visits Jerusalem

November 19, 1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat’s plane landed at Israel’s Ben-Gurion airport at the start of his historic 36-hour visit to Israel. He was greeted by Israel’s Prime Minister Menachem Begin and Israeli President Ephraim Katzir, with a 21-gun salute fired in his honor. After the ceremony at the airport, Sadat was driven to…

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Menachem Begin delivering his acceptance speech on December 10, 1978

Begin and Sadat Win the Nobel Peace Prize

October 27, 1978 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin are jointly awarded the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts in bringing about peace between Israel and Egypt. The award would be presented in a ceremony on December 10, 1978. The announcement of the award came a little over a month…

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Moshe Dayan

Moshe Dayan Passes Away

October 16, 1981 Moshe Dayan, Israel’s iconic military and political leader passes away from a heart attack at the age of 66 in a Tel Aviv hospital. Dayan was born in 1915 and raised in Nahalal. During the Arab Riots of 1936-1939, Dayan joined the special Jewish police forces as well as the night squads…

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Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Shamir

Yitzhak Shamir Is Elected Prime Minister

October 10, 1983 Yitzhak Shamir becomes the seventh Prime Minister of Israel after Menachem Begin resigns due to health and personal issues. He forms a coalition government with Likud, the National Religious Party, Agudat Yisrael, Tami, Telem and the Tehiya (joined on 26.7.82). Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir would serve the remainder of Begin’s term, focusing…

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Camp David Accords

Israel and Egypt Sign Camp David Accords

Center for Israel Education September 17, 1978 Camp David Accords are signed by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minster Menachem Begin under the mediation of President Jimmy Carter. The Accords are made up of two parts: an agreement about the future of Egyptian-Israeli relations, which culminated in the March 1979 Peace Treaty between…

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