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Posts Tagged ‘Today in Israeli History’

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin welcomes Egyptian President Anwar Sadat to Israel on Nov. 19, 1977.

Sadat Visits Jerusalem

November 19, 1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat’s plane landed at Israel’s Ben-Gurion airport at the start of his historic 36-hour visit to Israel. He was greeted by Israel’s Prime Minister Menachem Begin and Israeli President Ephraim Katzir, with a 21-gun salute fired in his honor. After the ceremony at the airport, Sadat was driven to…

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Finance Minister Levi Eshkol opens the valve to send water into Jerusalem’s new reservoir Nov. 18, 1958.

Jerusalem’s New Reservoir Is Opened

November 18, 1958 The culmination of a two and a half year project is completed with the opening of a new water reservoir for Jerusalem at Bayit Vegan.  The project began in 1955 as both a means to prevent a repeat of the water shortage caused during the siege of the city during the 1948…

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Leah Gottlieb works with a swimsuit model in the Gottex factory in 1980.

Leah Gottlieb Passes Away

November 17, 2012 Israeli businesswoman and fashion pioneer Leah Gottlieb passes away at the age of 94 in her Tel-Aviv home.  Gottlieb, known as the “queen of Israeli fashion” was the chief designer and co-founder together with her husband Armin of Gottex, a company known all over the world for its swimsuit designs. Gottlieb was…

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British soldiers arrest the passengers of the aliyah ship Kadima in Haifa to send them to Cyprus on Nov. 16, 1947.

Kadima Arrives in Haifa

November 16, 1947 The aliyah-bet (illegal immigration) ship Kadima (sometimes called the Kedma) arrives in Haifa under British escort and all of its passengers are arrested and sent to detention camps in Cyprus. On November 5, 1947, the Kadima left from the island of Palestrina just south of Venice with nearly 800 Jewish refugees, mostly from Poland and Hungary, hoping to…

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El Al Archives photo A military DC-4 is repainted as the first El Al commercial aircraft to transport Chaim Weizmann from Geneva, where he had an eye operation, to Israel in September 1948.

El Al Is Founded

November 15, 1948 El Al, Israel’s national airline is officially founded and legally incorporated. On September 29, 1948, Chaim Weizmann was abroad in Geneva, where he had undergone an eye operation. Due to an embargo placed on Israel and other combatants in the 1948 War, Israel was not able to use a military plane to…

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Hannah Senesh

Hannah Senesh Dies

November 7, 1944 Hannah Senesh (Szenes) the poet and Haganah fighter who parachuted into Nazi-occupied Europe to rescue Jews was executed by a Hungarian firing squad in a Budapest prison courtyard. Senesh, who had been born in Hungary in 1921 into an assimilated Jewish family, was drawn to Zionism by the climate of anti-Semitism that…

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Hovevei Zion delegates attend their first conference Nov. 6, 1884, in Katowice. All of them sit in rows for the picture.

First Gathering of the Hovevei Zion Takes Place

November 6, 1884 Delegates convened in Katowice — presently southern Poland — for the first ever gathering of the Hovevei Zion (Lovers of Zion) movement. Beginning in Russia and Romania, Hovevei Zion spread rapidly and gained adherents who would eventually form the nucleus of the modern Zionist movement. Important early members included Chaim Weizmann, Ahad…

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Hebrew University President Judah Magnes delivers his year-opening speech Nov. 5, 1933.

Judah Magnes Outlines Hebrew University Expansion

November 5, 1933 In a speech marking the opening of the 1933-34 academic year, Judah Magnes, the President of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, outlined a plan for the University’s expansion. It included the creation of fourteen new positions for Jewish professors from Germany. They lost their positions as part of Nazi policy to dehumanize…

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Yitzhak Rabin

Yitzhak Rabin Is Assassinated

November 4, 1995 Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, who played a prominent role in virtually all of Israel’s history, is assassinated at a peace rally held in Tel Aviv. Rabin was the fifth Prime Minister of Israel, serving two terms in office, 1974–77 and from 1992 until his assassination. Born in Palestine, serving in the…

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pioneers draining Petah Tikvah’s swamps in 1906

Petah Tikvah Is Founded

November 3, 1878 Petah Tikvah (Gateway of Hope), today Israel’s 5th largest city, is established by a group of religious Jews desiring to leave Jerusalem and establish an agricultural moshav. The group had originally sought out land near Jericho for their settlement but were unable to get consent from the Ottoman authorities to transfer the…

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