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Posts Tagged ‘Zionist’

Joseph Sprinzak, a man in a suit with a mustache, sits at a table playing with his hands and staring off into the distance.

Joseph Sprinzak Is Born

December 8, 1885 From the Center for Israel Education Joseph Sprinzak, who would serve as the first Speaker of the Knesset and twice as Interim President, is born in Moscow, Russia.   His family was forced to leave Moscow, when Jews were expelled in 1891, eventually settling in Warsaw.  Sprinzak’s father was an active Zionist and…

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A card with a star of David in the top middle and some words from the Zinoisten Congress in Basel. Also includes a picture of the wailing wall and a Jewish farmer.

Leo Motzkin Is Born

December 6, 1867 From the Center for Israel Education Leo Motzkin was born in present-day Brovary, Ukraine in 1867 and was raised in a traditional Jewish household. Motzkin became interested in the Zionist cause after witnessing the 1881 pogrom in Kiev. He joined the Russian-Jewish Academic Society at his university in Berlin, which consisted of…

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Hovevei Zion delegates attend their first conference Nov. 6, 1884, in Katowice. All of them sit in rows for the picture.

First Gathering of the Hovevei Zion Takes Place

November 6, 1884 Delegates convened in Katowice — presently southern Poland — for the first ever gathering of the Hovevei Zion (Lovers of Zion) movement. Beginning in Russia and Romania, Hovevei Zion spread rapidly and gained adherents who would eventually form the nucleus of the modern Zionist movement. Important early members included Chaim Weizmann, Ahad…

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Arthur Balfour’s letter conveys the news to Lord Rothschild that the British government supports the creation of a Jewish homeland in Palestine.

Balfour Declaration Is Released

November 2, 1917 In seeking official government endorsement for the Zionist cause from a great power, the leadership of the Zionist Organization was successful in obtaining that endorsement from the British government in 1917. It came in the form of a private letter from the British Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour to Lord Rothschild, the head…

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A group known as the “Hadera Commune” shown in 1910 before sedding in Degania Alef, the first of the Kibbutz in Israel.

First Kibbutz in Israel Is Established

October 28, 1910 Degania Alef is established as the first Kibbutz in Israel. The idea for a collectively managed agricultural settlement in the land of Israel was not created by the founders at Degania Alef. The idea had been a part of some circles of Zionist ideology as it emerged in the late 19th century.…

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Celebration after the peace treaty is signed between Israel and Jordan in 1994

Israel and Jordan Sign Peace Treaty

October 26, 1994 Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Jordanian King Hussein sign a peace treaty at the Wadi Araba Border Crossing between Eilat, Israel and Aqaba, Jordan. The treaty with Jordan is Israel’s second with a neighboring Arab state and the signing is attended by more than 4,500 guests and witnessed by President Clinton.…

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Levi Eshkol

Levi Eshkol Is Born in Ukraine

October 25, 1895 Levi Eshkol, is born as Levi Shkolnik near Kiev, Ukraine in 1895 into a Hasidic family. When he was denied admission into a local high school because of restrictions on Jewish students, he went to Vilna and attended the Hebrew Gymnasium, becoming involved in Zionist youth groups. In 1914, he made aliyah…

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Henry McMahon

Correspondence Begins Between Husayn and McMahon

October 24, 1915 Husayn-McMahon Correspondence commences between Arabian Arab leader and the British government. Between 1915 and 1916, British High Commissioner in Cairo Sir Henry McMahon (shown in the photo) corresponded with the Sherif of Mecca, Husayn Ibn Ali, through a series of letters. In them, the British government agreed to support the Sherif’s bid…

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A statue of Alfred Mond in Tel Mond

British Philanthropist and Zionist Alfred Mond Is Born

October 23, 1868 An early Zionist supporter in England, Alfred Mond who would later become the first Lord Melchett is born in England. Despite the fact that his parents were Jewish, Mond was not raised as a Jew and in fact was married in the Anglican church and raised his children a Christians. Mond’s father…

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Moshe Sharett

Prime Minister Moshe Sharett Is Born

October 15, 1894 Moshe Sharett is born as Moshe Shertok in Kherson, Ukraine. Sharett’s parents were early Zionists, having been involved in the BILU movement in the early 1880’s when they moved to the Land of Israel, but ultimately did not stay. The family would return in 1906 eventually settling in Jaffa. Sharett attended the…

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